本週Leon幫同學們收集了一些容易混淆的字彙,在商業或管理上常常會用到它們。當然囉!有時候它們也會是多益的常客。請同學先挑戰自己,回答下列題目,再看解答吧!這次的考題有一些難度,請大家加油囉!

 

1. The American government, due to trade deficits, determined to (   ) an additional tariff on industrial products from Japanese manufacturers.

a. enact

b. raise

c. put

d. levy

 

 

 

2. MacDonald’s and Kentucky are similar business entities with (   ) status.

a. complementary

b. substituted

c. complemented

d. substitution

 

 

 

3. The cyberspace is deemed a virtual world mixed with useful data and deceitful information, therein leading to suspicion of (     ) and deception for everything we see.

a. deceits

b. frauds

c. scams

d. lies

 

 

 

4. The (     ) pretended to be a delivery man who successfully swindled the money out of the victim.

a. crook

b. liar

c. deceiver

d. beguiler

 

 

 

5. If you do not have enough money to pay for the house, you can apply for an (     ) payment with a particular amount of down payment.

a. amortized

b. mortgage

c. installment

d. separated

 

 

 

6. The sales department (   ) the high sales to their well-devised selling strategies.

a. chalked up

b. contributed

c. claimed

d. complimented

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

解答區:

                                                                                                                         

 

1. 答案:(d)

解析:enact立法;raise提升;put放置;levy賦稅。題目的意思是因為貿易逆差,美國政府將要對來自日本製造商的產品課稅。答案選(d)

 

 

2. 答案:(b)

解析:complement互補;substitute替代。complemented businesses為管理學上的互補型企業(例如蘋果與鴻海)substituted businesses則是替代型企業(如麥當勞與肯德基)。答案選(b)

 

 

3. 答案:(c)

解析:deceit詭計(語言或行為)fraud詐欺(大宗的犯罪如洗錢)scam騙局(指網路或電話詐騙手法)lie謊言(語言)。網路是一個充滿有用的資料和不實的資訊的地方,因此會讓人對於看到的訊息起疑心,懷疑是不是詐騙手法。答案選(c)

 

 

4. 答案:(a)

解析:crook使用詐騙手段的騙子;liar說謊者;deceiver虛偽的說謊者;beguiler迷惑他人的說謊者。答案選(a)

 

 

5. 答案:(c)

解析:amortize分期付款,本身是動詞,不會與payment連用;mortgage指分期付款的貸款,是名詞,不會和payment一起使用;installment分期付款,可以和payment一起使用;separate分離分開,與分期付款的用法無關。答案選(c)

 

 

6. 答案:(a)

解析:chalk up歸因於;contribute to貢獻;claim宣稱;compliment稱讚。文意為業務部將業績長紅歸因於縝密的銷售策略。答案選(a)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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