本週的大新聞,摩根富林明又被罰錢了。自從次級房貸危機的130億罰款之後,這次的詐騙帳戶醜聞又讓摩根罰了2百多億美金,這間美國最大的投資銀行真是流年不利;不過罰了那麼多錢,摩根連眉頭都沒有皺一下,看來該公司資本之龐大令人乍舌。接下來,我們就來學學一些銀行和民事訴訟的英文吧!同學們要先自己做題目,看解答喔!

 

For more than 15 years, there were    1   something was amiss with what federal prosecutors in Manhattan call the “703 account” at JPMorgan Chase & Co.

在摩根大通有一個帳戶,曼哈頓的檢察官稱之為703,過去15年來該帳戶一直有一些不尋常的跡象。

 

1. (A) signatures

    (B) signs

    (C) signals

    (D) signings

 

 

Money was    2   back and forth for no reason. The account 3   was recording double-digit returns on investments that were too good to be true. The bank itself was worried enough about possible fraud to withdraw its own investments from him.

流通帳戶的錢常常無緣由地轉出轉入,而且帳戶持有人的投資報酬率以雙位數成長,收益好到讓人不敢置信。摩根大通擔心有潛在的詐欺行為,因此將投資在該帳戶的錢全數回收。

 

 2. (A) transferring

     (B) being transferred

     (C) transferred

     (D) to be transferred

 

3. (A) owner

    (B) possessor

    (C) manager

    (D) holder

 

 

He name on the account was Bernard Madoff, and on Tuesday, JPMorgan paid a steep price for keeping quiet about its suspicions.

該帳戶的持有人為伯納麥道夫,星期二時摩根因知而不報而付出龐大的代價。

US federal authorities announced that the nation’s largest bank will    4   its other costly financial woes by forfeiting a record US$1.7 billion to settle criminal charges    5     it turned a blind eye to the Madoff fraud, plus pay an additional US$543 million to   6   civil claims by people who lost money.

 美國的聯邦監督部門宣布,美國最大的銀行摩根富林明除了要支付其他昂貴的財務賠償之外,還要另外繳交天價的一百七十億美金罰款,以解決摩根對於麥道夫的詐欺睜一隻眼閉一隻眼的犯罪行為;此外該銀行還要付五億四千三百萬美金的罰款,用來調解民事訴訟和賠償投資人的損失。

 

 4. (A) add

     (B) be added to

     (C) add to

     (D) be adding

 

5. (A) alleging

    (B) alleged

    (C) are alleging

    (D) which alleges

 

6. (A) resolve

    (B) solve

    (C) negotiate

    (D) settle

 

 

                                                                                                                                                                                         

解答專區:

 

1. 答案:(B)

    解析:signature簽名、招牌的意思;sign跡象;signal號誌、訊號;signing簽名的動名詞。答案選(B)

2. 答案:(B)

    解析:原句中已經確定使用被動語態 (money was…),而此處強調的是動作(back and forth),因此使用過去進行式的被動(being transferred),而不使用過去簡單式表事實(was transferred)。最佳選項為(B)

3. 答案:(D)

    解析:帳戶持有者的英文為account holder,而非其他的表達方式。

4. 答案:(C)

    解析:add to是增加入…(某事物)的意思。在此事物指的是other financial woes (其他的財務負擔);摩根除了要負擔既存的賠償與債務外,還要另外加上(add to)一百七十億的美金罰款。add to使用主動即可,在此不需用被動。

5. 答案:(A)

    解析:此題考的是分詞構句。原句為:…criminal charges which alleged that it turned a blind eye to…。在分詞構句中,關係代名詞which被去除,動詞alleged因為是主動,所以改成現在分詞alleging。答案選(A)

6. 答案:(D)

    解析:對於法律訴訟的和解行為,通常都會用金錢做衡量單位,也有可能庭外和解。不論如何,對於法律案件的解決,英文的動詞要用settlesettle civil claimsresolvesolve都是解決的意思,negotiate是協調協商;三者皆不是解決法律訴訟的慣用詞。答案選(D)

 

 

 

台中洋碩美語 發表在 痞客邦 PIXNET 留言(0) 人氣()