1. approval (簽呈)
定義：( A )
例句：The head of human resource department has to gain the approval of the chief executive officer so as to promote the new entrant who has been in this company for less than a year to manager.
A. a formal act of consent in a written form to agree to or accept some proposal
B. compensation paid for expenses, losses, the damage, or the money already spent; usually used for insurance and expense reports
C. salary which has been deducted of taxes required and has become disposable
中文釋義：take-home pay(可支配所得)。個人所得扣除稅賦之後的總餘額，個人可以充分支配，又稱disposable income。
D. a measure used by an acquirer to gain control over a target takeover. Acquirer tries to persuade other shareholders that the management of the target should be replaced.
E. an investigation into the current market price of a service or commodity
定義：( E )
例句：Our distributors are asking for a quotation for our latest products scheduled to release next month because they have received much attention, and plentiful inquiries have been made.
定義：( B )
例句：A typical medical insurance requires you to pay the expense first,and you will be reimbursed later. However, in most cases, you have to apply for reimbursements; otherwise, claims will be delayed.
4. take-home pay
定義：( C )
例句：Take-home pay pertains to the income you can dispose of after taxes.
5. proxy fight
定義：( D )
例句：The acquirer has begun a last-minute proxy fight to urge the shareholders to change the management staff with a promise of renewing work conditions and salary standards.